Asma al-Assad galt als große Hoffnungsträgerin, als gebildete Frau, emanzipierte Muslima, freiheitsliebende Ehegattin. Heute ist die Frau des Diktators Baschar. Nachrichten zum Assad-Regime im Überblick: Hier finden Sie alle Meldungen und Informationen der FAZ rund um Baschar al-Assad. Deutschlands führende Nachrichtenseite. Alles Wichtige aus Politik, Wirtschaft, Sport, Kultur, Wissenschaft, Technik und mehr.
Baschar al-Assad: Von Syriens Hoffnungsträger zum Diktator"Syriens Herrscher - Das Haus Assad" erzählt die Geschichte von Präsident Baschar al-Assad und seiner Frau Asma, die sich in London kennenlernen, wo. Am Juli trat Baschar al-Assad sein Amt als Präsident Syriens an. 20 Jahre später liegt das Land in Trümmern. Jeder zweite Syrer ist. Syrien: Assads Baath-Partei gewinnt Parlamentswahl deutlich. Der Sieg für die Partei von Syriens langjährigem Machthaber Baschar al-Assad kam wie erwartet.
Baschar Assad Menu di navigazione VideoKampf um Syrien: Baschar al-Assad mit russischer Hilfe auf der Sieger-Straße
Syria chemical attacks: Germany says received suit names al-Assad. US slaps sanctions on six Syrians, 11 entities over al-Assad ties.
On 22 January , the Financial Times , citing anonymous "senior western intelligence officials", claimed that Russian general Igor Sergun , the director of GRU , the Main Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation , had shortly before his sudden death on 3 January been sent to Damascus with a message from Vladimir Putin asking that President Assad step aside.
It was reported in December that Assad's forces had retaken half of rebel-held Aleppo , ending a 6-year stalemate in the city.
After the election of Donald Trump , the priority of the United States concerning Assad was unlike the priority of the Obama administration , and in March United States Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley stated the U.
On 7 November , the Syrian government announced that it had signed the Paris Climate Agreement. According to ABC News , as a result of the Syrian Civil War , "government-controlled Syria is truncated in size, battered and impoverished.
Three years into a conflict that is estimated to have killed at least , people from both sides, much of the Syrian economy lies in ruins.
As the violence has expanded and sanctions have been imposed, assets and infrastructure have been destroyed, economic output has fallen, and investors have fled the country.
Unemployment now exceeds 50 percent and half of the population lives below the poverty line This war economy — to which Western sanctions have inadvertently contributed — is creating incentives for some Syrians to prolong the conflict and making it harder to end it.
A United Nations commissioned report by the Syrian Centre for Policy Research states that two-thirds of the Syrian population now lives in "extreme poverty".
Human Rights groups, such as Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International , have detailed how the Assad government's secret police allegedly tortured, imprisoned, and killed political opponents, and those who speak out against the government.
In , Syria banned face veils at universities. Foreign Policy magazine released an editorial on Assad's position in the wake of the protests: .
During its decades of rule In , Hafez al-Assad, Bashar's father, seized power after rising through the ranks of the Syrian armed forces, during which time he established a network of loyal Alawites by installing them in key posts.
In fact, the military, ruling elite, and ruthless secret police are so intertwined that it is now impossible to separate the Assad government from the security establishment In this respect, the situation in Syria is to a certain degree comparable to Saddam Hussein 's strong Sunni minority rule in Iraq.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation has stated that at least 10 European citizens were tortured by the Assad government while detained during the Syrian Civil War, potentially leaving Assad open to prosecution by individual European countries for war crimes.
In a February interview with the BBC , Assad described accusations that the Syrian Arab Air Force used barrel bombs as "childish", stating that his forces have never used these types of "barrel" bombs and responded with a joke about not using "cooking pots" either.
Nadim Shehadi , the director of The Fares Center for Eastern Mediterranean Studies , stated that "In the early s, Saddam Hussein was massacring his people and we were worried about the weapons inspectors," and claimed that "Assad did that too.
He kept us busy with chemical weapons when he massacred his people. In September , France began an inquiry into Assad for crimes against humanity , with French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius stating "Faced with these crimes that offend the human conscience, this bureaucracy of horror, faced with this denial of the values of humanity, it is our responsibility to act against the impunity of the killers".
In February , head of the UN Commission of Inquiry on Syria, Paulo Pinheiro , told reporters: "The mass scale of deaths of detainees suggests that the government of Syria is responsible for acts that amount to extermination as a crime against humanity.
The report also stated: "There are reasonable grounds to believe that high-ranking officers—including the heads of branches and directorates—commanding these detention facilities, those in charge of the military police, as well as their civilian superiors, knew of the vast number of deaths occurring in detention facilities In March , the United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs led by New Jersey Rep.
Chris Smith called on the Obama administration to create a war crimes tribunal to investigate and prosecute violations "whether committed by the officials of the Government of Syria or other parties to the civil war".
In April , there was a sarin chemical attack on Khan Sheikhoun that killed more than 80 people. The attack prompted US President Donald Trump to order the US military to launch 59 missiles at a Syrian airbase.
In April , an alleged chemical attack occurred in Douma, prompting the U. Both Syria and Russia denied the involvement of the Syrian government at this time.
In June , Germany's chief prosecutor issued an international arrest warrant for one of Assad's most senior military officials, Jamil Hassan.
Detention centers run by Air Force Intelligence are among the most notorious in Syria, and thousands are believed to have died because of torture or neglect.
Charges filed against Hassan claim he had command responsibility over the facilities and therefore knew of the abuse. The move against Hassan marked an important milestone of prosecutors trying to bring senior members of Assad's inner circle to trial for war crimes.
He added that Bashar al-Assad has done more than any other to destabilize the region by "murdering his own people" and that both Russia and the Syrian regime have shown no concern for the suffering of the Syrian people creating one of the "worst humanitarian tragedies in history".
Assad opposed the invasion of Iraq despite a long-standing animosity between the Syrian and Iraqi governments. Assad used Syria's seat in one of the rotating positions on the United Nations Security Council to try to prevent the invasion of Iraq.
According to veteran U. S intelligence officer Malcolm Nance , the Syrian government had developed deep relations with former Vice Chairman of the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri.
Despite the historical differences between the two Ba'ath factions, al-Douri reportedly urged Saddam to open oil pipelines with Syria, building a financial relationship with the Assad family.
After the Invasion of Iraq, al-Douri allegedly fled to Damascus where he organised the National Command of the Islamic Resistance which co-ordinated major combat operations during the Iraqi insurgency.
S commander of the coalition forces in Iraq, George W. Casey Jr. Diplomatic relations with Egypt were re-established in under his rule. In , his father Hafez al-Assad severed diplomatic relations with the country after Egyptian President Anwar Sadat signed a peace treaty with Israel in the Camp David Accords.
Following the election of Muslim Brotherhood politician Mohamed Morsi as the next Egyptian president, relations became extremely strained.
The Muslim Brotherhood is a banned organisation and its membership is a capital offence in Syria. Egypt severed all relations with Syria in June In July , the two countries agreed to reopen the Egyptian consulate in Damascus and the Syrian consulate in Cairo.
In late-November , some Arab media outlets reported Egyptian pilots arrived in mid-November to Syria to help the Syrian government in its fight against the Islamic State and Al Nusra front.
Although Egypt has not been vocal in support for any sides of Syria's ongoing civil war, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi said in that his nation's priority is "supporting national armies", which he said included the Syrian Armed Forces.
Egypt has also expressed great interest in rebuilding postwar Syria, with many Egyptian companies and businessmen discussing investment opportunities in Syria as well as participation in the reconstruction effort.
On March 5, , Assad announced that Syrian forces would begin its withdrawal from Lebanon in his address to the Syrian parliament. Assad's position was considered by some to have been weakened by the withdrawal of Syrian troops from Lebanon following the Cedar Revolution in There has also been pressure from the U.
Interior Minister Bassam Abdul-Majeed stated that "Syria, which condemns this cowardly terrorist act, expresses condolences to the martyr family and to the Lebanese people.
In May , Lebanese politician Michel Samaha was sentenced to four-and-a-half years in jail for his role in a terrorist bomb plot that he claimed Assad was aware of.
The United States, the European Union, the March 14 Alliance , and France accuse Assad of providing support to militant groups active against Israel and opposition political groups.
The latter category would include most political parties other than Hezbollah , Hamas , and the Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine.
In a speech about the Lebanon War in August , Assad said that Hezbollah had "hoisted the banner of victory", hailing its actions as a "successful resistance.
In April , Assad told a Qatari newspaper that Syria and Israel had been discussing a peace treaty for a year. This was confirmed in May , by a spokesman for Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert.
As well as the treaty, the future of the Golan Heights was being discussed. Assad was quoted in The Guardian as telling the Qatari paper:.
The US was the only party qualified to sponsor any direct talks, [Assad] told the paper, but added that the Bush administration "does not have the vision or will for the peace process.
It does not have anything. According to leaked American cables , Assad called Hamas an "uninvited guest" and said "If you want me to be effective and active, I have to have a relationship with all parties.
Hamas is Muslim Brotherhood, but we have to deal with the reality of their presence," comparing Hamas to the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood which was crushed by his father, Hafez al-Assad.
He also said Hamas would disappear if peace was brought to the Middle East. Assad has indicated that the peace treaty that he envisions would not be the same kind of peace treaty Israel has with Egypt, where there is a legal border crossing and open trade.
In a interview with Charlie Rose , Assad said: "There is a big difference between talking about a peace treaty and peace.
A peace treaty is like a permanent ceasefire. There's no war, maybe you have an embassy, but you actually won't have trade, you won't have normal relations because people will not be sympathetic to this relation as long as they are sympathetic with the Palestinians: half a million who live in Syria and half a million in Lebanon and another few millions in other Arab countries.
During the visit of Pope John Paul II to Syria in , Assad requested an apology to Muslims for the Crusades and criticised Israeli treatment of Palestinians, stating that "territories in Lebanon, the Golan and Palestine have been occupied by those who killed the principle of equality when they claimed that God created a people distinguished above all other peoples ".
Semites are a race and [Syrians] not only belong to this race, but are its core. Judaism, on the other hand, is a religion which can be attributed to all races.
When I say Israel carries out killings, it's the reality: Israel tortures Palestinians. I didn't speak about Jews," and criticised Western media outlets for misinterpreting his comments.
In February , Assad backed an initiative to restore ten synagogues in Syria, which had a Jewish community numbering 30, in , but only Jews by Assad met with U.
In response to Executive Order which mandated refugees from Syria be indefinitely suspended from being able to resettle in the United States, Assad appeared to defend the measure, stating "It's against the terrorists that would infiltrate some of the immigrants to the West I think the aim of Trump is to prevent those people from coming," adding that it was "not against the Syrian people".
North Korea is alleged to have aided Syria in developing and enhancing a ballistic missiles programme. While hosting an 8 March delegation from North Korea led by North Korean Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs Sin Hong Chol, Assad stated that Syria and North Korea were being "targeted" because they are "among those few countries which enjoy real independence".
According to Syrian opposition sources, North Korea has sent army units to fight on behalf of Assad in the Syrian Civil War.
In , the United Nations exposed North Korea for their facilitation of Syria's development of chemical weapons.
According to a report by U. Additionally, DPRK missile technicians had been seen inside various Syrian chemical weapons facilities.
This series of about 40 unreported shipments between North Korea and Syria, on which were the chemical weapons materials as well as prohibited ballistic missile parts, is said to have occurred throughout — In , Assad condemned the September 11 attacks.
He was quoted as saying, "Is there really an entity called al-Qaeda? Was it in Afghanistan? Does it exist now? This is illogical. Assad's relationship with al-Qaeda and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant has been subject to much attention.
In , journalist and terrorism expert Peter R. Neumann maintained, citing Syrian records captured by the U. During the Iraq War , the Assad government was accused of training jihadis and facilitating their passage into Iraq, with these infiltration routes remaining active until the Syrian Civil War ; US General Jack Keane has stated that "Al Qaeda fighters who are back in Syria, I am confident, they are relying on much they learned in moving through Syria into Iraq for more than five years when they were waging war against the U.
During the Syrian Civil War, multiple opposition and anti-Assad parties in the conflict accused Assad of collusion with ISIS; several sources have claimed that ISIS prisoners were strategically released from Syrian prisons at the beginning of the Syrian Civil War in Secretary of State John Kerry claimed that the Assad government has tactically avoided ISIS forces in order to weaken "moderate opposition" such as the Free Syrian Army ,  as well as "purposely ceding some territory to them [ISIS] in order to make them more of a problem so he can make the argument that he is somehow the protector against them".
He concluded: "Attempting to prove an ISIS-regime conspiracy without any conclusive evidence is unhelpful, because it draws attention away from the real reasons why ISIS grew and gained such prominence: namely, rebel groups tolerated ISIS.
In October , U. Vice President Joe Biden stated that Turkey , Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates had "poured hundreds of millions of dollars and tens of thousands of tons of weapons into anyone who would fight against Al-Assad, except that the people who were being supplied were al-Nusra , and al Qaeda, and the extremist elements of jihadis coming from other parts of the world.
Mark Lyall Grant , then Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom to the United Nations , stated at the outset of the American-led intervention in Syria that "ISIS is a monster that the Frankenstein of Assad has largely created".
On 1 June , the United States stated that the Assad government was "making air-strikes in support" of an ISIS advance on Syrian opposition positions north of Aleppo.
In , the al-Nusra Front , al-Qaeda 's Syrian affiliate,  issued a bounty worth millions of dollars for the killing of Assad. ISIS, al-Nusra Front and affiliated jihadist groups reportedly took the lead in an offensive on Alawite villages in Latakia Governorate of Syria in August August , abgerufen am April In: CNN.
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Oktober ]. Ele estudou oftalmologia em sua cidade natal e depois foi para Londres concluir os estudos. Em dezembro de casou-se com Asma al-Assad.
George W. Casey, Jr. The Washington Post. The Huffington Post. Consultado em 22 de novembro de Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites.
Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. He was well-educated, and many believed he would be capable of transforming his father's iron-rule regime into a modern state.
Bashar initially seemed eager to implement a cultural revolution in Syria. He stated early on that democracy was "a tool to a better life," though he added that democracy couldn't be rushed in Syria.
In his first year as president, he promised to reform the corruption in the government, and spoke of moving Syria toward the computer technology, internet and cell phones of the 21st century.
When Bashar took the reins of government, Syria's economy was in terrible shape. Lost were the decades of support from the Soviet Union after its collapse in A serious recession in the mids was exacerbated by Syria squandering its oil revenues on its second-rate army.
However, by , Syria was showed many of the signs of a modern society—cell phones, satellite television, trendy restaurants and Internet cafes.
Nevertheless, economic reform proved difficult to achieve in the nation's state-controlled economy. After his first year as president, many of Bashar's promised economic reforms had not materialized.
The grossly overstaffed and largely corrupt government bureaucracy made it difficult for a private sector to emerge, and Bashar seemed incapable of making the necessary systemic changes that would move Syria and its 17 million people into the 21st century.
Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. Reindirizzamento da Bashar al-Asad. URL consultato il 16 luglio archiviato dall' url originale il 16 luglio URL consultato il 17 luglio Leverett, Inheriting Syria: Bashar's Trial By Fire , Brookings Institution, URL consultato l'11 aprile Per maggiori dettagli si veda il sito del Fronte di Salvezza.
Nell'attesa imponeva al paese le seguenti sanzioni: divieto di esportazioni dagli Stati Uniti salvo cibo e medicinali ; divieto degli investimenti in territorio siriano; severe restrizioni di movimento ai diplomatici siriani; divieto di 'utilizzo dello spazio aereo statunitense agli aerei siriani; ridimensionamento dei contatti diplomatici USA-Siria; blocca delle transazioni in cui sia in qualsivoglia modo coinvolto il governo siriano.
URL consultato il 30 novembre URL consultato il 5 maggio URL consultato il 21 maggio archiviato il 21 maggioThe U.S. government has long imposed sanctions on Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, who has presided over more than nine years of a civil war that has claimed the lives of an estimated half a. Bashar Hafez al-Assad was born in Damascus on 11 September , the second son and third child of Anisa Makhlouf and Hafez al-Assad. Al-Assad in Arabic means "the Lion". Assad's paternal grandfather, Ali Sulayman al-Assad, had managed to change his status from peasant to minor notable and, to reflect this, in he had changed the family name from Wahsh (meaning "Savage") to Al-A. Bashar al-Assad, (born September 11, , Damascus, Syria), Syrian president from He succeeded his father, Ḥafiz al-Assad, who had ruled Syria since In spite of early hopes that his presidency would usher in an era of democratic reform and economic revival, Bashar al-Assad largely continued his father’s authoritarian methods. Bashar is a non-physical being who speaks through channel Darryl Anka. Delve into our site to learn the Bashar Basic Principles & expand your consciousness. In call with al-Assad, Russian leader who sent troops to back Syrian forces suggests large areas now enjoy peace. Syria chemical attacks: Germany says received suit names al-Assad Rights groups.